As I always share in my workshops and presentations, academia has not changed much in the last century or two. Certainly, US universities (and others around the world) are undergoing changes especially related to addressing financial issues and government accountability. But as this US National Academies report states, “One central element of academic life has remained essentially unchanged for generations…: the formal structure of the professorial career. Developed in the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to suit circumstances quite different from today’s, and based on traditions going back even earlier, this customary career path is now a source of strain for both the individuals pursuing it and the institutions where they work.
BTW, have you ever seen Sir Ken Robinson’s Changing Paradigms video on this topic?