- 2012 R&D spending surpassed USD 1.1 trillion in OECD countries and stood at USD 330 billion in the BRIICS (Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa).
- Korea became the world’s most R&D intensive country in 2012, spending 4.36% of GDP on R&D, overtaking Israel (3.93%) and versus an OECD average of 2.40%.
- The BRIICS produced around 12% of the top-quality scientific publications in 2013, almost twice its share of a decade ago and compared to 28% in the United States.
- China and Korea are now the main destinations of scientific authors from the United States and experienced a net “brain gain” over 1996-2011.
- European countries are diverging in R&D as some move closer to their R&D/GDP targets (Denmark, Germany) and others (Portugal, Spain) fall further behind.
- In most countries, 10% to 20% of business R&D is funded with public money, using various investment instrumentsand government targets.
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